Hip joint pain affects countless individuals every year. Which is unsurprising, due to the nature of the hip. The hip is a ball-in-socket joint, a term used to describe a certain class of joint, the other being a hinge. In the case of the hip, the head of the femur, or thighbone, represents the ball, while the socket, for the hip the technical term is acetabulum, is made up of pelvic bones. The round head of the femur is allowed to swivel and pivot within the open hip socket, allowing the freedom of movement evident in hips.
Hip Joint Pain – Usage
The complicated, dynamic, and oft-used nature of the hip joint often cause hip joint pain, though the numerous bones around the hip can also be a source of pain. Additionally, hip pain can arise either from trauma or inflammation. For instance, inflammation can result in the space within the socket filling with fluid, affecting the hip and causing pain. The typical treatment for inflammation of the hip joint is a prescription of anti-inflammatory medication. Other sources of hip joint pain include the wear of the cartilage covering the head of the femur and the socket, the progressive wearing away of the cartilage is referred to as arthritis, specially osteoarthritis, and it is often cited as the most common source of hip joint pain.
Hip Joint Pain – Arthritis
The hip joint pain typically associated with osteoarthritis of the hip is often described as the feeling of something impeding the smooth movement of the hip joint, though the pain can manifest in other ways. Both the muscles surrounding the hip joint and bursas, fluid filled sacs that help support hip joint movement, can become strained or inflamed, another possible source of hip muscle pain. Pain medication and, again, anti-inflammatory medication are often used to treat these strains and inflammation. Trauma, on the other hand, generally manifests itself in the form of fractures. When discussing fractures relative to the hip, there are two main types of fractures possible: hip fractures and stress fractures.
Hip Joint Pain – Fractures
Hip fractures generally refer to a fracture of the femur, usually the upper part of the femur, or a fracture of the pelvic bone itself. Though the location of the fracture differentiates hip fractures to a certain extent, the effects on the individual are very similar. Hip fractures can cause severe hip joint pain, and are generally treated with surgery, either repair or replacement surgery. Stress fractures, on the other hand, typically result from repeated impact on the hip, thus, athletes, particularly runners, often incur stress fractures. Contusions, or bruises, are another type of trauma that the hip can undergo. Though hip joint pain can be debilitating, it is often very treatable. Hip surgery, including hip replacement, has become an extremely viable surgery due to medical advances. Still, preventing hip joint pain, and any hip pain for that matter, is the best path. The best strategy for hip health is maintaining a healthy weight, regular, but not overly strenuous, exercise, and a diet that promotes strong and healthy bones, calcium is an important nutrient with this purpose.
Video on Hip Joint Pain Symptoms, and Treatment.